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By Olga Tellegen-Couperus

Crucial production of the Romans was once their legislations. during this e-book, Dr Tellegen-Couperus discusses the best way the Roman jurists created and built legislation and how during which Roman legislations has come right down to us. distinct realization is given to questions akin to `who have been the jurists and their legislation colleges' and to the shut connection among jurists and the politics in their time.

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From the Po valley, where the Celtic tribes still lived, down as far as Sicily. Some of the towns in the south were annexed, and with others Rome made various kinds of treaties and alliances. In addition a large number of new municipia and coloniae were founded. The administration of these towns was left mainly to local authorities, but the latter were not completely autonomous; for instance, they were forbidden to make alliances with anyone except the Romans. 30 GENERAL OUTLINE The Romans treated the inhabitants of coloniae and some annexed towns in different ways.

They were often consulted by citizens who wanted to know whether there were specific rules of law which applied to their particular case. In their advice, however, the pontiffs not only interpreted existing legal concepts, they also introduced entirely new institutions while pretending to give interpretations. For instance, they used a recognised form of procedure for purposes other than the one for which it was intended. In this way the in iure cessio, the words of which originally marked the beginning of a lawsuit concerning ownership, also came to serve as a way of transferring ownership.

Seaports developed along the Italian coast, the most important one being Puteoli near Naples. However, the Romans themselves did not engage in this activity, leaving it to the Phoenicians and the Greeks. For a long time the expansion of shipping was hindered by pirates. 7 Another important economic activity was the implementation of government tasks by private individuals. Many kinds of government tasks such as the construction of roads, aqueducts and buildings, the organising of transport, collecting of taxes, supplying the army with food and the exploitation of mines (so-called publica) were in fact not performed by the Roman state because it lacked the necessary manpower and resources.

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