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By Henk J. Verkuyl

Sentences could pertain to states or techniques or occasions. they could convey boundedness, period, repetition, frequency, and lots of different kinds of temporality. How do they do that? Henk Verkuyl offers right here a idea approximately aspectual homes of sentences in average languages. A thought of Aspectuality brings jointly the fruit of his pondering at the topic over the last twenty years, and should curiosity all these engaged on point and the semantics of noun words. It delivers to be a big contribution to our figuring out of the topic.

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Qur’an and Hadith), and that it is advisable to extend the lexical coverage of morphological analysis to such texts, especially since corpusbased lexicography is able to detect the usage and frequency of these archaic lexical items. The phrase ϯΰϴο ΔϤδϗ qsmƫ Dyzý /qismatun DƯza/, for example, is now relatively well attested on the Web. Certain archaic morphological features are restricted to religious texts and one does not find these features used in new MSA contexts. An example of this kind of archaic feature is the use of direct and indirect object pronoun clitics, as in the word ΎϬϛΎϨΟϭί zwjnAkhA /zawwajnƗkahƗ/, from Qur.

In this approach to morphology, morphological realisations are defined in terms of their syllable structure, with the values of syllabic constituents defined according to a range of possible factors including morphosyntactic features, phonological context and lexical information. It transpires that defining semitic morphology in terms of Syllable Based Morphology (henceforth SBM) requires very similar mechanisms to those required for defining the morphology of European languages. The chief difference between the mechanisms required to define, for example, the various ablaut processes in German and English, is of degree rather than nature.

The system appears to lend itself to such a separation of the morphemes. The root morpheme provides the underlying sense of the forms, the vowel morpheme provides the inflectional form and the template provides the derived form, or binyan. This in turn provides more information about the interpretation of the sense. The account presented here, while not requiring a separation of morphemes, retains this separation of the kinds of information provided. The organisation of the lexicon reflects the separation, with information about the binyan provided by a set of nodes designed for that purpose, information about the root provided by what we would consider the true lexeme nodes and information about the vowel inflections provided by a set of inflectional nodes accessed by all verbs in the lexicon.

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