Download Adjectives: Formal Analyses in Syntax and Semantics by Patricia Cabredo Hofherr (ed.), Ora Matushansky (ed.) PDF

By Patricia Cabredo Hofherr (ed.), Ora Matushansky (ed.)

Adjectives are relatively much less good studied than the lexical different types of nouns and verbs. the current quantity brings jointly stories within the syntax and semantics of adjectives. 4 of the contributions examine the syntax of adjectives in a number of languages (English, French, Mandarin chinese language, smooth Hebrew, Russian, Spanish, and Serbocroatian). The theoretical concerns explored comprise: the syntax of attributive and predicative adjectives, the syntax of nominalized adjectives and the id of adjectives as a different lexical classification in Mandarin chinese language. yet another 4 contributions learn assorted points within the semantics of adjectives in English, French, and Spanish, facing superlatives, comparatives, and point in adjectives. This quantity could be of curiosity to researchers and scholars in syntax, formal semantics, and language typology.

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Petra Sleeman’s contribution proposes an analysis of adjectives that license nonmodal infinitival relative clauses as in the following example: He was the youngest child [to have had that operation at that time]. It has been observe that the head of non-modal relatives asserts uniqueness (Kjellmer 1975), and Sleeman analyses the uniqueness constraint on the noun phrase modified by non-modal infinitival relatives as licensing by an identificational focus. More specifically, the author argues that the identificational focus has to be a contrastive identificational focus.

Projecting the Adjective. The Syntax and Semantics of Gradability and Comparison. New York NY: Garland. Kjellmer, G. 1975. Are Relative Infinitives Modal?. Studia Neophilologica 47: 323–332. Kolliakou, D. 2004. Monadic definites and polydefinites: Their form, meaning and use. Journal of Linguistics 40: 263–323. K. 1998. Events and modification in nominals. Proceedings from Semantics and Linguistic Theory (SALT) 8: 145–61. K. & Cho, C. 1999. Temporal adjectives and the structure of possessive DPs.

In either case they would be unable to license ellipsis of the following noun. I will adopt the view argued 7. An anonymous reviewer points to a possible contrast illustrated by the data in (ia) and (ib): (i) a. *Najviše mi se dopao jedan tamno plavi. m ‘I liked a/the blue one best’ b. Najviše mi se dopao jedan tamno plav. As we can see, in the presence of an intensifier such as tamno ‘dark’ the sentence in (ia) containing a long adjective is ungrammatical, while that in (ib) with a short adjective is acceptable.

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