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By Katja Hetterle

This research investigates adverbial clauses from a cross-linguistic point of view. in accordance with different fresh typological learn within the context of complicated sentences and clause-linkage, it proceeds from a close, multivariate research of the morphosyntactic features of the phenomenon lower than scrutiny.

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Of course, this study did not develop in a vacuum. , Diessel 2001, Cristofaro 2003). , Schmidtke-Bode 2009 on purpose clauses). In between these poles, Verstraete (2008) studies purpose, reason, and intended endpoint clauses across two related parameters (use of mood markers and type of conjunctions) in a small cross-linguistics sample. , 1996, 1998) studies the correspondence between functional-semantic characteristics of a number of adverbial clause types and the use of dependent and independent verb forms in the European languages.

15:Participial verbs Tab. 16:Converbs Tab. 17:The coding of the subject under coreference Tab. 18:Same-subject constructions (with subject deletion) Tab. 19:Constructions with no deletion in same-subject contexts Tab. 20:Type of clausal linkage device Tab. 21:Position of the clausal linker Tab. 22:Position of adverbial clauses (all constructions) Tab. 23:Position of adverbial clauses (absolute frequency) Tab. 24:Characteristics of the (more) rigidly verb-final languages Tab. 25:Interpersonal parameters, semantics, and functional characteristics of clause combinations in English Tab.

Haspelmath 2008c for typological data). Haiman (1985) distinguishes “paradigmatic economy” (the reduction of the lexical inventory in a system) from “syntagmatic” or “discourse economy” that is defined as “the tendency to economize on the length or complexity of an utterance or message” whenever the context provides the information necessary for the message to be transmitted (Haiman 1985: 158−159). In general, the principle of economy posits that predictable information is reduced whenever possible in order to avoid redundancy, and it is directly related to frequency of use (Bybee & Thompson 1997, Bybee 2003a, Haspelmath 2008b).

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