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By Joanna Boestel, Visit Amazon's Penelope Francks Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Penelope Francks, , Choo Hyop Kim

A comparative learn which describes and analyses the contribution of agriculture to the economies of East Asia. before, little awareness has been paid to the rural zone which really underpins business and advertisement improvement. lately, this area has develop into the focal point of more and more sour fiscal disputes, in particular over safety and using import price lists. A comparative framework is used, utilising case experiences from Japan, Taiwan and South Korea to focus on either the typical features of agriculture's function in East Asian improvement, and contours specific to the political financial system of agriculture in every one state.

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Additional info for Agriculture and Economic Development in East Asia: From Growth to Protectionism in Japan, Korea and Taiwan (Esrc Pacific Asia Programme (Series).)

Example text

Nonetheless, despite what is in many ways an unfavourable environment for agriculture, all three countries have succeeded in supporting large populations relative to their land resources. Although population growth rates in East Asia have not typically been high when compared to some other regions of the world, Taiwan’s population increased from 8 million in 1952 to over 20 million by the 1990s, South Korea’s grew from just over 20 million at the time of partition to over 40 million by the 1990s, and Japan’s grew from around 35 million in the 1870s to over 70 million on the eve of the Pacific War and to 125 million now.

Yet, as later chapters will show in detail, there has been only a limited tendency towards increased scale of cultivation in industrialising East Asia and households cultivating what are, by all international standards, extremely small holdings have remained the basic units of agricultural production. Mechanisation and some degree of farm diversification have taken place within the confines of this structure, but the chief method by which farm households have sought to maintain income levels comparable to those in industry has been the strategy of part-time farming.

It has also, however, conditioned the ability of East Asian farmers to respond to the economic changes which industrialisation has brought and raised the costs of agricultural adjustment. Efforts to increase cultivation scale or to convert agricultural land to other uses are significantly hindered by the existence of long-standing and interconnected irrigation structures. Terraced paddy fields help to prevent erosion and in many ways define the rural landscape, so that they cannot be abandoned without considerable environmental and emotional costs.

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