By William McDougall
A pioneering paintings in psychology, this greatly influential booklet, first released in 1908, served as a catalyst within the research of the principles of social habit. one of many first surveys to target human motivation, the amount assisted in laying the principles of a brand new self-discipline, keeping apart the sector from sociology and basic psychology. well known, long-lived and ever suitable, this landmark publication is still precious to lecturers and scholars of psychology. 1961 ed. one of the themes coated: where of instincts within the structure of the human brain; fundamental feelings of guy, and the character of sentiments; development of reproductive and parental instincts; constitution of personality.
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Additional resources for An Introduction to Social Psychology
22 That the excitement of fear is not necessarily, or indeed usually, the effect of an intelligent appreciation or anticipation of danger, is especially well shown by children of four or five years of age, in whom it may be induced by the facial contortions or playful roarings of a familiar friend. Under these circumstances, a child may exhibit every symptom of fear even while he sits upon his tormentor’s lap and, with arms about his neck, beseeches him to cease or to promise not to do it again.
16 Chapter III The Principal Instincts and the Primary Emotions of Man Before we can make any solid progress in the understanding of the complex emotions and impulses that are the forces underlying the thoughts and actions of men and of societies, we must be able to distinguish and describe each of the principal human instincts and the emotional and conative tendencies characteristic of each one of them. This task will be attempted in the present chapter; in Chapter V. we shall seek to analyse some of the principal complex emotions and impulses, to display them as compounded from the limited number of primary or simple instinctive tendencies;17 and in the succeeding chapters of this section we shall consider the way in which these tendencies become organised within the complex dispositions that constitute the sentiments.
Darwin has shown the significance of the facial expression of anger, of the contracted brow and raised upper lip; and man shares with many of the animals the tendency to frighten his opponent by loud roars or bellowings. As with most of the other human instincts, the excitement of this one is expressed in its purest form by children. Many a little boy An Introduction to Social Psychology/51 has, without any example or suggestion, suddenly taken to running with open mouth to bite the person who has angered him, much to the distress of his parents.