By Noel Burton-Roberts
This hugely winning textual content has lengthy been thought of the normal advent to the sensible research of English sentence constitution. It covers key suggestions corresponding to constituency, class and services, and likewise utilises tree diagrams all through to assist the reader visualise the constitution of sentences.
In this fourth variation, Analysing Sentences has been completely revised and now incorporates a fresh spouse web site with extra actions and workouts for college students and a solution publication for the in-text workouts for professors. the additional actions at the site provide scholars perform in making a choice on syntactic phenomena in operating textual content and may support to deepen figuring out of this subject.
Accessible and transparent, this booklet is the suitable textbook for readers coming to this subject for the 1st time. that includes many in-text, end-of-chapter and additional routines, it's compatible for self-directed learn in addition to to be used as middle studying on classes.
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Additional info for Analysing sentences: an introduction to English syntax
Here are some suggestions: [29a] a large pile of Bokhara rugs [29b] the magnolia bush at the bottom of his garden [29c] an unreliable puppy that was taking occasional nips at his toes. 14 ‘PHRASE’ AND ‘CONSTITUENT’ All these are phrases. They could all serve as answers to the what question, and they are all replaceable by a single word. Furthermore, they all contain further phrases. Earlier, when I was asking if there was a single word that could be used to replace the sequence beside a, I mentioned meaning and implied that phrases form not only syntactic units (constituents in the structural form of sentences) but also semantic units.
It seems (a) that beside calls for – requires – the presence of a phrase like a stream and (b) that a stream depends on the presence of beside. So it’s a two-way (mutual) dependency; both elements are obligatory in the structure of the phrase beside a stream. That phrase tells us where the sunbathing took place. It specifies a location. The location of a thing or an activity is usually expressed by orientating it in space (or time: after the storm, before midnight) in relation to some other thing, activity, event, or time.
Rather has to do with the dubiousness of the jokes, not the jokes themselves. The original analysis of PHRASE-b (given in ) correctly predicts that the string rather dubious jokes corresponds in meaning with the phrase given as :  jokes which are rather dubious. By contrast, PHRASE-b in  is odd because it predicts that rather dubious jokes corresponds in meaning with the ungrammatical :  *dubious jokes which are rather. 34 DEPENDENCY AND FUNCTION By the way, dubious jokes is another example of a word-sequence that forms a phrasal constituent in some contexts but not others.