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By Jessica Brown

Modern philosophy of brain is ruled via anti- individualism, which holds subject's innovations are made up our minds not just by means of what's inside of her head but in addition through points of her surroundings. regardless of its dominance, anti-individualism is topic to a frightening array of epistemological objections: that it's incompatible with the privileged entry each one topic has to her techniques, that it undermines rationality, and, absurdly, that it presents a brand new path to a priori wisdom of the area. during this rigorous and persuasive examine, Jessica Brown defends anti- individualism from those epistemological objections. The dialogue has very important outcomes for key epistemological concerns reminiscent of skepticism, closure, transmission, and the character of information and warrant. based on Brown's research, one major reason behind pondering that anti-individualism is incompatible with privileged entry is that it undermines a subject's introspective skill to tell apart forms of concepts. So clinically determined, the normal specialize in a subject's reliability approximately her recommendations offers no sufficient answer. Brown defuses the objection by means of attract the epistemological idea of a proper replacement. extra, she argues that, given a formal knowing of rationality, anti- individualism is suitable with the concept that we're rational topics. even though, the dialogue of rationality presents a brand new argument that anti-individualism is in pressure with Fregean feel. eventually, Brown exhibits that anti-individualism doesn't create a brand new path to a priori wisdom of the area. whereas rejecting suggestions that limit the transmission of warrant, she argues that anti-individualists may still deny that we've got the kind of wisdom that might be required to exploit a priori wisdom of proposal content material to realize a priori wisdom of the area.

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Extra resources for Anti-Individualism and Knowledge

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Thus, on the view that senses are object-dependent, one can combine the view that a subject thinks about an object, x, via a particular sense with the claim that the subject’s thoughts are individuated partly by the object, x, that she is thinking about. This second way of understanding Fregean senses might seem highly attractive, appearing to offer us a picture of reference to objects that combines the insights of anti-individualism and the benefits of a Fregean notion of sense. For now, I will leave it open whether it is possible to combine anti-individualism and Fregean sense in this way.

Thus, for example, the thoughts she would express with ‘Hesperus’ should be cashed out as thoughts involving some such descriptive component as the star that is visible in the evening and . ; whereas the thoughts she would express with ‘Phosphorus’ should be cashed out as involving a different descriptive component, such as the star that is visible in the morning, and. . On this understanding of sense, one cannot combine the idea that the subject thinks about an object, say, Venus, in a particular way with the anti-individualist claim that the subject’s thoughts are individuated partly by the particular object she is thinking about, here Venus.

Anti-individualists differ over what effect these new environmental relations have on Sally’s thought contents. 2 However, the discrimination argument applies regardless of which concept, if any, Sally expresses by ‘water’ after the switch. All the discrimination argument requires is that, after the switch, Sally no longer expresses the belief that water is wet by her utterance of ‘Water is wet’. Although Sally’s thought contents change as a result of the switch, it seems that she would fail to notice the change in her environment or her thoughts.

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