By Mark Swenarton, Tom Avermaete, Dirk van den Heuvel
In the many years following global struggle , and partly in keeping with the chilly conflict, governments throughout Western Europe set out bold programmes for social welfare and the redistribution of wealth that aimed to enhance the typical lives in their electorate. lots of those welfare kingdom programmes - housing, colleges, new cities, cultural and leisure centres – concerned not only building yet a brand new method of architectural layout, within which the welfare ambitions of those state-funded programmes have been delineated and debated. The impression on architects and architectural layout was once profound and far-reaching, with welfare nation initiatives relocating centre-stage in architectural discourse not only in Europe yet worldwide.
This is the 1st ebook to discover the structure of the welfare country in Western Europe from a global standpoint. With chapters masking Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, The Netherlands, Sweden and the united kingdom, the ebook explores the advanced position performed through structure within the formation and improvement of the welfare nation in either concept and perform.
- the function of the equipped setting within the welfare kingdom as a political venture
- the colonial measurement of ecu welfare kingdom structure and its ‘export’ to Africa and Asia
- the position of welfare kingdom tasks in selling buyer tradition and fiscal growth
- the photograph of the collective produced through welfare country architecture
- the function of architectural innovation within the welfare state
- the position of the architect, in preference to development businesses and others, in selecting what was once built
- the dating among architectural and social theory
- the function of inner institutional critique and the counterculture.
Contributors contain: Tom Avermaete, Eve Blau, Nicholas Bullock, Miles Glendinning, Janina Gosseye, Hilde Heynen, Caroline Maniaque-Benton, Helena Mattsson, Luca Molinari, Simon Pepper, Michelle Provoost, Lukasz Stanek, Mark Swenarton, Florian city and Dirk van den Heuvel.
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Extra resources for Architecture and the Welfare State
Even the superblocks’ garden courtyards are gathered into terraced gardens that climb the buildings’ facades. Heralded at the time as red superblocks turned green (garden) megastructures, Glück’s terraced ziggurats actually have important (although largely unrecognized) roots in inter-war housing models developed in Red Vienna. 36 Glück’s megastructures – with their rich supply of leisure facilities (in addition to the rooftop swimming pools and saunas, there were tennis courts, and other sport facilities, mini golf, party rooms, and shops) – can be understood as refashioning the proletarian Wohnkultur, which informed the interwar projects, for postwar consumer culture.
30 Following Archigram, this new generation – comprising Hollein, Pichler, Günther Domenig and Elfried Huth, and the collectives Werkgruppe Graz (Eugen Gross, Friedrich Gross-Rannsbach, Hermann Pichler and Werner Hollomey), Zünd-up From Red Superblock to Green Megastructure (Timo Huber, Bertram Mayer, Michael Pühringer, Hermann Simböck) and Missing Link (Otto Kapﬁnger, Adolf Krischanitz, Angela Hareiter) – embraced megastructure as one of the few remaining arenas for place-based social interaction in late-industrial society and a way out of the cul-de-sac of bureaucratic functionalism.
That connection was only re-established in the 1970s by a generation of architects educated after the war whose anti-functionalist polemics, ‘architectural actions’, and calls for a return to ‘urbanity’ in the late 1960s inaugurated a new episode of typological innovation and urban engagement in Austrian housing design, and led ultimately to the (at least partial) rediscovery of the architectural instrumentality and urban spatial politics of Red Vienna. The Austrian experience provides both an unusually long historical lens for examining the relationship between architecture and the welfare state, and a unique perspective on how that relationship was impacted by the very different political conditions and geographies which prevailed not only within Austria but also in Europe in the inter-war and post-war periods.