By Noam Chomsky
Noam Chomsky’s backpocket vintage on wartime propaganda and opinion keep an eye on starts off via announcing types of democracy—one within which the general public actively participates, and one within which the general public is manipulated and regulated. in response to Chomsky, "propaganda is to democracy because the bludgeon is to a totalitarian state," and the mass media is the first automobile for offering propaganda within the usa. From an exam of the way Woodrow Wilson’s Creel fee "succeeded, inside of six months, in turning a pacifist inhabitants right into a hysterical, war-mongering population," to Bush Sr.'s struggle on Iraq, Chomsky examines how the mass media and public family industries were used as propaganda to generate public help for going to battle. Chomsky additional touches on how the fashionable public kinfolk has been encouraged through Walter Lippmann’s thought of "spectator democracy," within which the general public is obvious as a "bewildered herd" that should be directed, now not empowered; and the way the general public family within the usa specializes in "controlling the general public mind," and never on informing it. Media keep watch over is a useful primer at the mystery workings of disinformation in democratic societies.
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Additional resources for Media Control, Second Edition: The Spectacular Achievements of Propaganda
No Democrat would say that because no Democrat took that position. Henry Gonzalez and Barbara Boxer took that position. But the number of people who took it is so marginal that it's virtually nonexistent. Given the fact that almost no Democratic politician would say that, Clayton Yeutter is free to make his statements. When Scud missiles hit Israel, nobody in the press applauded. Again, that's an interesting fact about a well-functioning propaganda system. We might ask, why not? After all, Saddam Hussein's arguments were as good as George Bush's arguments.
It's whether we want to live in a free society or whether we want to live under what amounts to a form of self-imposed totalitarianism, with the bewildered herd marginalized, directed elsewhere, terrified, screaming patriotic slogans, fearing for their lives and admiring with awe the leader who saved them from destruction, while the educated masses goose-step on command and repeat the slogans they're supposed to repeat and the society deteriorates at home. We end up serving as a mercenary enforcer state, hoping that others are going to pay us to smash up the world.
THE PROPER TOPIC FOR an occasion like this, I suppose, is pretty obvious: It would be the question of how the media have handled the major story of the past months, the issue of the "war on terrorism," so-called, specifically in the Islamic world. Incidentally, by media here I intend the term to be understood pretty broadly, including journals of commentary, analysis, and opinion; in fact, the intellectual culture generally. It's a really important topic. It's been reviewed regularly by FAIR, among others.